Energy In Pakistan

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Pakistan’s energy demand exceeds the supply. This deficit, which is growing, presently reaches its peak of 6,000 MWs during the winter season when the hydro power generation is low due to reduced river water levels.

Pakistan’s energy demand is presently met through oil, gas, hydro power and nuclear power. While hydro and nuclear are used only for energy generation, oil and gas are also used in additional industrial capacities asides from energy generation. Although Pakistan has one of the largest coal reserves in the world, they remain under-utilized and their share in energy supply is insignificant at the moment due to socio-economic factors.

Electricity Suppliers in Pakistan

The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (“WAPDA”) has an installed capacity of over 9,000 MW, and is the largest utility company in Pakistan and provides services to the entire country except Karachi.

The K-Electric Company (“KE”) has an installed capacity of about 2,734 MW, and supplies electricity to Karachi, which is the major commercial hub and port city of the country and the surrounding areas (Uthal and Bela district). For more info, see

The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (“PAEC”) presently has an installed capacity of 1,430 MW from KANUPP (100 MW), C-1 (325 MW), C-2 (325 MW), C-3 (340 MW), C-4 (340 MW). For more info, see

Independent Power Producers (“IPP”) have an installed capacity of 15,468.5 MW, and they supply electricity to the national grid. For more info, see